Gramado is a small tourist town, in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the sierra region. The town was originally settled by azorean descendants and later received a contingent of german and italian immigrants. Gramado is one of the towns along the scenic route known as ‘Romantic Route’.
Gramado was originally settled in 1875 by portuguese immigrants. Five years later, the first german immigrants arrived and these were followed shortly after by italian immigrants from the italian settlements in near city, Caxias do Sul.
In 1913, the town seat was moved to Linha Nova, the location of the present-day town center. At this time, Gramado was an unincorporated township within the municipality of Taquara. A railway arrived in Gramado in 1921, boosting the local economy. Officially became a village in 1937, when Gramado was already known as a summer holiday resort. The city became a county on December 15, 1954.
Gramado Government is in a strong mayor-council government model, as set forth by the Brazilian Constitution of 1988. Elections for both mayoral and legislative offices are held every fourth year. The Mayor may seek reelection once, while Councilmen have no restriction on terms they may serve.
The city is in a mountain range, averaging 850 meters above sea level. Has several green areas, the most important are Black Lake, Communications Square, Knorr Park, Orchard Park, Major Nicoletti Square and Roses Square. The typical vegetation is the forest of pines. However, in the lower places, we also find the rainforest.
Lago Negro (Black Lake) is the most known visited green area of Gramado. It was created in 1953 on an area it was the biggest woods of the Hydrangeas’ Region, this very area had been destroyed by fire in 1942. It was named after Good Rest Valley (Vale do Bom Retiro) before fire.
A creek was dammed up to create a U-shaped lake. Pine seedlings been imported from Black Forest in Germany to be planted all around the newly formed lake’s rim. Its a mile away from Town Hall. There is a boathouse, working daily.
The climate is maritime temperate with mild summer. The summers are not hot, with temperatures that commonly do not exceed 30°C (86°F). Winters are cool, and temperatures fall below 0°C (32°F) sometimes, with relatively frequent frosts and uncommon snowfalls.
Gramado is a city marked by many beauties, possessing lush natural resources, the largest tourist center of Rio Grande do Sul and one of the most important in Brazil.
The city stands out as the center of major events (conferences, seminars and meetings) plus an annual host of the most traditional film festivals in Latin America: the Brazilian and Latino Film Festival, during which Kikito awards are distributed.
Other important events that attract thousands of tourists are the Christmas festival known as Christmas Light and the Feast of Cologne, this one of the more inclusive festivities of the groups that colonized the region: azoreans, germans and italians.
Among the attractions most visited by tourists are the Dreamland Wax Museum, Harley Motor Show, Hollywood Dream Cars, Super Cars Hall, the Black Lake, the entrance porch, the Mini World, the Bridal Veil Waterfall, the Santa’s Village, the Knorr Park, the Festivals Palace, the Hall of Flags, the covered street, St. Peter’s Church, the center of culture, the Museum of Film Festivals, Lutheran Church, chocolate factories, etc.
Another place worth a visit is the Medieval Museum, housed in a medieval-style castle, which has been built over the last 30 years, only by a single person, its owner, and to view medieval coats of arms and weapons, also houses the only Brazil cutlery museum, displaying knives, swords, daggers etc., from all over the world.